Dr. Strangelove

The film Dr. Strangelove: Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb premiered on Jan. 29, 1964. The film was directed by Stanley Kubrick and introduced one of the most unforgettable mad scientists in the history of cinema, Dr. Strangelove.

John Mix Stanley

John Mix Stanley, an American painter and explorer, was born Jan. 17, 1814. Stanley went west with the northernmost of the Pacific Railroad Surveys that headed out in the early 1850s. The Stevens expedition, as it was called after the leader, Isaac Stevens, followed the path of Lewis and Clark–up the Missouri river, across the Rockies, and down the Columbia. Stanley was chosen as expedition artist because he already had a high reputation for his depictions of native Americans…

Antonio Musa Brasavola

Antonio Musa Brasavola, an Italian physician, was born Jan. 16, 1500. Brasavola was a respected medical man in his day, serving as physician to two kings of France, the Holy Roman Emperor, and three popes, and historians of medicine note that he was the first to perform a tracheotomy, sometime before 1546. But we call attention today to a book he published ten years earlier, when he was not long out of Ferrara’s medical school.

Apsley Cherry-Garrard

Apsley Cherry-Garrard, an English polar explorer, was born Jan. 2, 1886. Cherry-Garrard, schooled in Latin and Greek and with no cold-weather experience, was the last man chosen by Robert Scott for his Terra Nova expedition of 1910-13, in his attempt to reach the South Pole. But Cherry-Garrard was not one of the 4 team members selected by Scott to accompany him to the Pole, and therefore he was not one of the five who froze to death on the Antarctic ice on the way back from 90° south in March of 1912.

Marin Cureau de la Chambre

In the 1640s, Cureau de la Chambre became interested in the relationship between reason, the soul, and the passions, and he published a five-volume work, The Character of the Passions, between 1640 and 1662. He was especially interested in the question of whether passions in animals reflect the present of reason in animals…