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Fair-Use and Copyright
Warning Concerning Copyright Restrictions
Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One specified condition is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.
Please read the terms and conditions for electronically delivered requests.
Copyright fees are determined by the rights holder and vary from a few cents per page to more than $50.00 for a single paper. If you are concerned about copyright costs, please designate a maximum fee you are willing to pay for your request. For online requests you may do this by using the Maxcost feature on our request form. If copyright costs would cause the fee for your request to exceed your maxcost you will be notified before your request is processed. You may also email the library at email@example.com to request the copyright fee for a paper.
This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if, in its judgement, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of the copyright law.
Non-academic requesters pay a cost recovery fee. Fees for academic requesters are set at a lower rate which is partially subsidized by the library. A copyright fee, as determined by the owner of the intellectual property, will be added, when appropriate, to all commercial and individual requests.
Color copies are available upon request for an additional $1.00 per page.
The Library provides Signature Services for materials from the collections of the following partners. Please place a request through our online form and select a partner in the "Choose a Service" menu. If not specifically requesting from one of the following services, please choose LHL.
Service Levels (additional per document)
Electronic delivery - no addition to base fee
Invoice - You can pay by check or money order.
Deposit Account - Minimum $250
Notice: To avoid a bank processing charge, patrons placing requests outside North America are required to pay by credit card or establish a deposit account. Unless the requestor opens a deposit account or provides credit card information at the time the order is placed, an additional $40 bank processing charge will be added to the invoice.