Edvard Munch

Edvard Munch, a Norwegian artist, was born Dec. 12, 1863. Munch’s The Scream is one of the most iconic paintings in the world, as it seems to express so dramatically the angst of modern existence. There are four surviving versions of the painting: a pastel of 1893; an oil and tempera (also 1893), which is in the National Gallery in Oslo; a pastel of 1895, and a second oil and tempera version (1910) in the Munch Museum, also in Oslo…

Lyonel Feininger

Sometimes it is well to remind ourselves that scientists and engineers were not the only ones trying bring order to the world of the modern in the early 20th century. Artists were just as eager to find effective ways to capture a landscape of high-rise buildings, powerful locomotives, and ships at sea.

Raphael Sanzio

Raphael Sanzio, the great Renaissance artist, was born Apr. 6, 1483. If you dispute this date (some do), we note that Raphael died on Apr. 6 (no dispute here), so one way or the other, this is the correct day to pay tribute. Sometime between 1509…

Masaccio

Masaccio, an Italian artist, was born Dec. 21, 1401. Masaccio is commemorated here because he painted the earliest surviving paintings that utilized the geometrical technique of linear perspective. The discovery of the rules of perspective was one of the great...

Lodovico Cigoli

Lodovico Cardi, an Italian painter usually known as Cigoli, was born Sep. 12, 1559 (see self-portrait, second image). Cigoli was a good friend of Galileo Galilei, both being members of the Accademia del Disegno, the artists’ guild in Florence. One of Cigoli’s...