Robert Chambers

Robert Chambers, a Scottish publisher and writer, was born July 10, 1802. With his brother William, Chambers became quite a respectable publisher of encyclopedias in Victorian Scotland, but when it came to publishing his own book, he preferred not to be so well known....

Alfred Russel Wallace

Alfred Russel Wallace, a British naturalist, was born Jan. 8, 1823. As we hope is well-known, Wallace was the co-discoverer, with Charles Darwin, of evolution by natural selection, and he played a key, if inadvertent, role in convincing Darwin to write On the Origjn...

William King Gregory

William King Gregory – Scientist of the Day William King Gregory, an American paleontologist, died Dec. 29, 1970, at the age of 94. In 1912, an amateur English archaeologist uncovered some hominid bones at a site named Piltdown that greatly excited the authorities in...

Erasmus Darwin

Erasmus Darwin, physician, inventor, and poet, was born Dec. 12, 1731. Erasmus practiced medicine in Lichfield, in the English midlands, and was friends with many of the key figures of the Industrial Revolution, a number of whom banded together to form the Lunar...