William Gambel

William Gambel, an American naturalist, died Dec. 13, 1849; his date of birth is unknown. Gambel came from Philadelphia and for several years served as a field assistant to the well-respected Thomas Nuttall. Nuttall, an Englishman transplanted to Philadelphia, had been the first great naturalist explorer of California…

Margaret Morse Nice

Margaret Morse Nice, an American ornithologist, was born Dec. 6, 1883. She studied biology at Holyoke College and zoology as a graduate student, and wanted to pursue a career as a naturalist, but her parents persuaded her to abandon professional aspirations and accept a life as wife and mother, which she did…

Richard Bowdler Sharpe

Richard Bowdler Sharpe, an English ornithologist, was born Nov. 22, 1847. Sharpe was a prominent ornithologist in his own right, publishing Monograph of the Kingfishers from 1868 to 1871, and Monograph of the Paradiseidae, or Birds of Paradise in 1891 and 1898, neither of which we have in our collections…

Johann Natterer

Johann Natterer, an Austrian naturalist and explorer, was born Nov. 9, 1787. In 1817, Natterer was selected to join a Viennese expedition to Brazil. The occasion was the marriage between the Austrian archduchess Maria Leopoldina and Dom Pedro, son of the King of Portugal, then residing in Rio de Janiero. Since the marriage took place in Vienna and Dom Pedro was not present, a contingent was chosen to accompany Maria to meet her husband in Brazil…

William Swainson

William Swainson, an English ornithologist and artist, was born Oct. 8, 1789. In the 1820s, several English expeditions tried to reach the Arctic Ocean by trekking north through what is now Canada. John Richardson was the surgeon and naturalist on two of these expeditions, both of which were led by John Franklin. Afterwards, Richardson set out to compile a natural history of the animals, birds, insects, and fish of the North…