John Lloyd Stephens

John Lloyd Stephens, an American explorer and railway builder, was born Nov. 28, 1805. In 1839, Stephens went to Central America with artist and architect Frederick Catherwood to investigate rumors of ancient ruins. They went first to Copán, then to Palenque and three dozen more sites. They found ruins in abundance. Catherwood recorded the glyphs and carvings as accurately as if he had a camera…

George Goethals

George Washington Goethals, an American Army officer and engineer, died Jan. 21, 1928, at the age of 69. In 1907, President Roosevelt placed Goethals in charge of the Panama Canal project, which had been underway for three years but was not yet showing much progress....

David du Bose Gaillard

David du Bose Gaillard, a U.S. Army engineer, died Dec. 5, 1913, at age 54. In 1908, he joined the Panama Canal project and was put in charge of the infamous “Culebra Cut”. The cut was a nine-mile stretch where the canal had to cut through the mountainous...