Linda Hall Library
Science Engineering Technology

Alcide d’Orbigny

Alcide d’Orbigny, a French naturalist, died June 30, 1857 at age 54. In 1826, the Paris Museum of Natural History sent Orbigny to South America to collect specimens, which he did with enthusiasm until 1833, sending back thousands of items. Darwin encountered...

Johann Baptist von Spix

Johann Baptist von Spix, a German naturalist, was born Feb. 9, 1781. In 1817, he left Munich for Brazil, at the request of King Maximillian Joseph of Bavaria, and in the company of the botanist Carl von Martius. They explored much of the interior, then separated, and...