Georges Cuvier

Georges Cuvier, a French zoologist and anatomist, was born Aug. 23, 1769.  Cuvier worked and taught at the Museum of Natural History in Paris, and he was one of the first to apply knowledge of comparative anatomy to the fledgling field of vertebrate paleontology in...

Henry Maudslay

Henry Maudslay, a British machine tool maker, was born Aug. 22, 1771. Maudslay may be the most esteemed machine tool designer of the modern era, famous not only for his inventions, but for training many of the next generation of tool designers and inventors. He is...

Giacomo Maraldi

Giacomo Filippo Maraldi, a French astronomer, was born Aug. 21, 1665.  There were only four noteworthy observers of Mars in the first 170 years of the telescope.  One was Giovanni Domenico Cassini, who came from Italy to direct the Paris Observatory and was the first...

Andrew Jackson Grayson

Andrew Jackson Grayson, an American bird painter, was born Aug. 20, 1818. Grayson grew up in Louisiana, moved to Missouri after his marriage, and then, in 1846, set out with his family on the great California emigration of that year. He settled in the San Francisco...

Samuel Griswold Goodrich

Samuel Griswold Goodrich, an American author, was born Aug. 19, 1793.  Goodrich was a prolific writer of children’s books, which he published under the name of Peter Parley. He produced hundreds of these penny publications, on history, fables, the Bible, and...