George Eliot

Mary Ann Evans (or Marian Evans), an English novelist better known as George Eliot, was born Nov. 22, 1819.  Evans came from a provincial family in Warwickshire, then Coventry; she was well-educated by tutors and gradually came to sympathize with dissenters and...

Thomas Shadwell

Thomas Shadwell, an English playwright, died Nov. 19, 1692, at about age 50. In May of 1676, Shadwell’s play The Virtuoso opened at the Dorset Garden Theater in London (third image, below). The play was a satire on the fledgling Royal Society of London, chartered in...

Pierre Bayle

Pierre Bayle, a French philosopher, was born Nov. 18, 1647.   Bayle was born into a Protestant family in southernmost France, south of Toulouse, and he grew up at a time when the Huguenots, the original French Protestants, were being increasingly persecuted by...

John Evans

John Evans, an English businessman, antiquary, and seminal archaeologist, was born Nov. 17, 1823.  Evans’ uncle had established several paper-making plants; Evans went to work there, and eventually became a partner and managed business affairs until he retired. ...

Horatio Austin

Admiral Horatio Thomas Austin, a British naval officer, died Nov. 16, 1865, at age 64. In 1850, then Capt. Austin led a four-ship expedition into the Arctic archipelago in search of the crew and ships of Sir John Franklin, which had left England in 1845 in search of a...