David Gill

David Gill, a Scottish astronomer, was born June 12, 1843. Gill, director of the Royal Observatory at Cape Town, South Africa (third image), was a pioneer in astrophotography. By 1880, amateur astronomers had used…

Julia Margaret Cameron

Julia Margaret Cameron, a Victorian photographer, was born June 11, 1815. Raised in India, she married a jurist in Calcutta who was much older than she, and when he retired in 1848, they moved to England, eventually taking up residence in Kent. She moved in…

Charles Tilston Bright

Charles Tilston Bright, a British electrical engineer, was born June 8, 1832. Bright is best known as the chief engineer on board the ship Agamemnon when the first successful Atlantic cable was laid in 1858. Bright was knighted…

Knud Rasmussen

Knud Rasmussen, a Greenlandic/ Danish Arctic explorer and anthropologist, was born June 7, 1879. He is probably the most accomplished polar explorer that hardly anyone has heard of. In 1910, he set up a base…

Isaiah Berlin

Isaiah Berlin, a British historian, was born June 6, 1909. Berlin was one of the most eminent historians of his generation, but we focus today on one of his lighter pieces, which he published in 1953: The Hedgehog and the Fox: An Essay on Tolstoy’s View of History. In this short work…