Justus Sustermans

Justus Sustermans, a Flemish portrait painter working in Italy, was born Sep. 28, 1597.  Sustermans was court painter for the Medici family of Florence for many decades, and dozens of his portraits survive in Italian museums. But Sustermans is best known in the...

Jean-Sylvain Bailly

Jean-Sylvain Bailly, a French astronomer, was born Sep. 15, 1736.   Bailly was one of the first historians of astronomy, writing volumes on the history of ancient astronomy, on the development of modern astronomy, and on Indian and Oriental astronomy, all of which...

John Vanderbank

John Vanderbank, an English portrait painter, was born Sep. 9, 1694.  Vanderbank was one of the most highly regarded portraitists in England in the 1720s and 1730s; his clients were mostly royalty and aristocrats – earls and duchesses, countesses and barons, and the...

Jacques-Louis David

Jacques-Louis David, a French painter, was born Aug. 30, 1748. David was a master of the style known as Neoclassicism, which, with its flat polished surfaces, frozen figures, and high intellectual content, does not appeal so much to modern tastes. But in late...

Angelo Poliziano

Angelo Poliziano, an Italian classical scholar and poet, was born July 14, 1454. Poliziano was one of the outstanding humanists of Renaissance Florence, which is a way of saying that he recovered classical texts, wrote commentaries and lectured upon them, and was...