Joseph Christmas Ives

Ordinarily, if you were a scientist born on Christmas, you could never be a Scientist of the Day, because the Library does not normally add new posts on holidays.  But if you were born on Christmas, and were also named after Christmas, and did something notable,...

Frank Hurley

Frank Hurley, an Australian photographer, was born Oct. 15, 1885. Hurley was the photographer on Ernest Shackleton’s trans-Antarctic expedition of 1914. Their ship, the Endurance, got no further than the Weddell Sea, where it was frozen in for some months and...

Jules Dumont d’Urville

Jules Dumont d’Urville, a French naval officer and scientist, was born May 23, 1790.  He served on three of the greatest French scientific voyages of the 19th century, once as second in command (to Louis Duperrey) on the voyage of the Coquille (1822-25), which...

René Primevére Lesson

 René Primevére Lesson, a French naval officer, surgeon, and zoologist, was born Mar. 20, 1794. Lesson was the assistant surgeon on the voyage of La Coquille from 1822 to 1825, which meant, in the tradition of the French navy, that he was also the de facto on-board...

Amerigo Vespucci

Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian emissary and explorer, was born Mar. 9, 1454. Vespucci was raised in Florence, but around the time that Columbus was setting out on his first voyage, Vespucci was sent to Spain by Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici on financial business;...