William Saville-Kent

William Saville-Kent, an English marine biologist, was born July 10, 1845.  His early interest was in protozoa, or “infusoria,” as these organisms were called in the 19th century.  This interest was probably a result of his studying for some years with...

The Living Sea: How a Group of Women Botanists Proved that Coral Reefs are Alive, 1880-1930

Anna Weber-van Bosse was the first woman to be included as an official member of the scientific staff of an oceanographic expedition. She was responsible for studying the marine flora during the Siboga expedition (1899-1900), a Dutch government sponsored scientific exploration of the oceans of modern day Indonesia. Emily Hutcheson, a doctoral candidate at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, will explore how scientists including Anna Weber-van Bosse and Ethel Barton Gepp, reframed the discussion of coral reefs from geological structures to living units, thus shaping the modern concept of the reef ecosystem.

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Michael Sars

Michael Sars, a Norwegian marine biologist, was born Aug. 30, 1805.  Sars was the first deep-sea biologist of Norway, in the century that discovered deep-sea organisms.  He first made a name for himself by realizing that many marine organisms, formerly thought to be...