Ambrose, Stephen E. Nothing Like it in the World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.
Beebe, Lucius. Mr. Pullman's Elegant Palace Car. New York: Doubleday, 1961.
Bianculli, Anthoony J. Trains and Technology: The American Railroad in the Nineteenth Century. Vol. 1-4. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2001.
Bowles, Samuel. Our New West. Records of Travel Between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Ocean. Hartford: Hartford Publishing Co.; New York, J.D. Dennison [etc., etc.] 1869.
Brown, William H. History of the First Locomotives in America, from Original Documents and the Testimony of Living Witnesses. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1871.
Bruce, Alfred W. The Steam Locomotive in America, Its Development in the Twentieth Century. New York: Norton, 1952.
Cadbury, Deborah. Dreams of Iron and Steel: Seven Wonders of the Nineteenth Century, from the Building of the London Sewers to the Panama Canal. New York: Harper Collins, 2004.
Clarke, Thomas C., et al. The American Railway: Its Construction, Development, Management, and Appliances. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1889.
Dickinson, H.W. and Arthur Titley. Richard Trevithick: The Engineer and the Man. London: Cambridge University Press, 1934.
Hogben, Lancelot T. Science for the Citizen: A Self-educator Based on the Social Background of Scientific Discovery. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1938.
Husband, Joseph. The Story of the Pullman Car. New York: Arno Press, 1972.
Knight, Edward H. Knight's American Mechanical Dictionary, a Description of Tools, Instruments, Machines, Processes, and Engineering; History of Inventions; General Technological Vocabulary; and Digest of Mechanical Appliances in Science and the Arts. Vol. 1 & 3. New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1876.
Krause, George. High Road to Promontory: Building the Central Pacific (now the Southern Pacific) Across the High Sierra. Palo Alto: American West Publishing, 1969.
Lamb, J. Parker. Perfecting the American Steam Locomotive. Bloomington: Indiana Univeristy Press, 2003.
McCague, James. Moguls and Iron Men: The Story of the First Transcontinental Railroad. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.
Rolt, L.T.C. The Railway Revolution: George and Robert Stephenson. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1960.
Routledge, Robert. Discoveries and Inventions of the Nineteenth Century. London: George Routledge and Sons, 1876.
Sabin, Edwin L. Building the Pacific Railway: The Construction Story of America's First Iron Thoroughfare Between the Missouri River and California... Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1919.
Sinclair, Angus. Development of the Locomotive Engine, A History of the Growth of the Locomotive from Its Most Elementary Form. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1907.
Smiles, Samuel. Life of George Stephenson, Railway Engineer. Columbus: Follett, Foster and Company, 1859.
Stephenson, Robert and Joseph Locke. Report to the Directors of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway: Observations on the Comparative Merits of Locomotive and Fixed and Engines as Applied to Railways... Philadelphia: Carey and Lea, 1831.
Stover, John F., "One gauge: how hundreds of incompatible railroads became a national system." American Heritage of Invention & Technology, v. 8 (3), 1993. P. 54-61.
Stretton, Clement E. The Locomotive Engine and Its Development: A Popular Treatise on the Gradual Improvements Made in Railway Engines Between 1803 and 1903. London: Crosby Lockwood, 1903.
Talbot, F.A. Railway Wonders of the World. London: Cassell and Company, 1913-1914.
Thompson, Slason. A Short History of American Railways Covering Ten Decades. Chicago: Bureau of Railway News and Statistics, 1925.
Thurston, Robert H. A History of the Growth of the Steam Engine. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1878.
Trottman, Nelson. A History of the Union Pacific: A Financial and Economic Survey. New York: The Ronald Press Company, 1923.
White, John H., Jr. American Locomotives, an Engineering History, 1830-1880. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1968.
White, John H., Jr. The American Railroad Passenger Car. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.
Information and images were also gleaned from railroad periodicals from the Linda Hall Library Digital Collections.