William Henry Aspinwall, John L. Stephens, and Henry Chauncy, New York businessmen, obtain the rights from New Grenada (present day Columbia, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador) to build the Panama Railroad across the Isthmus
Image source: Oran, "Tropical Journeyings. Panama Railroad," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. XVIII, no. 104 (pp. 145-174), Jan. 1859, pp. 147. Cipriano de Mosquera, Tomas. et al. Panama Canal Pamphlets. 1848-1881, n.p., 1848, pp. .
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