Scientist of the Day

Raphaelle Peale

February 17, 2020

Raphaelle Peale, an American painter, was born Feb. 17, 1774. Raphaelle was the oldest son of Charles Willson Peale, the noted Philadelphia painter who not only left us memorable portraits of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, but also founded the first American...

Alfred T. Agate

February 14, 2020

Alfred Thomas Agate, an American artist and explorer, was born Feb. 14, 1812. Agate made a respectable living in the 1830s doing portraits, especially miniatures, some of which you can find in the Metropolitan Museum of Art and other American art museums.  But in...

Thomas Malthus

February 13, 2020

Thomas Malthus, an English political economist, was born Feb. 13 or Feb. 14, 1766.  In 1798, Malthus published An Essay on the Principle of Population, in which he pointed out that human populations tend to increase much more rapidly than food supply and other...

Thomas Moran

February 12, 2020

Thomas Moran, an American painter, was born Feb. 12, 1837. Moran came to Philadelphia from England as a boy and apprenticed as a wood engraver.  In 1870, he had moved up to the new Scribner’s Monthly, designing rather than cutting engravings, when Nathaniel...

Josiah Willard Gibbs

February 11, 2020

Josiah Willard Gibbs, an American physical scientist, was born Feb. 11, 1839.   His name is often unrecognized by the public, yet Gibbs was unarguably the greatest scientist America produced up through the end of the 19th century, and perhaps beyond. His field was...

Walter Brattain

February 10, 2020

Walter Brattain (first image), an American physicist, was born on February 10, 1902 in Amoy (present-day Xiamen), China, where his father had been hired as a math teacher at a private school. Both of his parents had grown up in the state of Washington, and a year...