Panama Canal

The Land Divided, The World United

Building the Panama Canal


Abbot, Willis J. Panama and the Canal in Picture and Prose. London: Syndicate Publishing Co., 1913.

Agramonte, Aristides. “The Inside Story of a Great Medical Discovery.” Scientific American (December 1915): 209–237.

Atlantic-Pacific Interoceanic Canal Study Commission. Interoceanic Canal Studies, 1970: Final Report. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office,1971.

Autenrieth, E. L. A Topographical Map of the Isthmus of Panama. New York: J.H. Colton, 1851. 

Bennett, Ira E. History of the Panama Canal, Its Construction and Builders. Washington, DC: Historical Publishing Company, 1915.

Blaeu, Joan and Albert Magnus. Atlas maior, siue, Cosmographia Blauiana. Amstelædami: Labore & sumptibus Ioannis Blaeu, 1662. Print.

Boissard, Jean Jacques et al. Icones quinquaginta virorum illustrium. Francofurtj: Theodor de Bry, 1597. 

Bunau-Varilla, Philippe. Panama : la création, la destruction, la résurrection. Paris: Plon-Nourrit, 1913.

Cameron, Ian. The Impossible Dream, the Building of the Panama Canal. New York: William Morrow & Co., 1972.

Cipriano de Mosquera, Tomas. et al. Panama Canal Pamphlets. 1848-1881. N.p., 1848. 

Conn, Stetson, Rose C. Engelman, and Byron Fairchild. “Forging the Defenses of the Canal.” In U.S. Army in World War II: Guarding the United States and Its Outposts, 301-327. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1964.

Conniff, Michael L. Black Labor on a White Canal: Panama, 1904-1981. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1985.

Conniff, Michael L. Panama and the United States: The Forced Alliance. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

Dampier, William. A New Voyage Round the World . London, 1697.

Dampier, William. Voyage de Guillaume Dampier aux terres australes, à la Nouvelle Hollande, &c. avec le voyage de Lionel Wafer. Amsterdam, 1705. 

Darling, Samuel T. See U.S. Isthmian Canal Commission. Laboratory of the Board of Health, Department of Sanitation.

Fitz-Roy, Robert. “Considerations on the great Isthmus of Central America,” The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. Vol. 20, London, 1851, pp. 161.

Gaillard, David D. “Culebra Cut and the Problem of the Slides.” Scientific American (November 9, 1912): 388 – 390, 405.

Garella, Napoléon. Projet d’un canal de jonction de l’océan Pacifique et de l’océan Atlantique à travers l’isthme de Panama. Paris: Carilian-Gœury et V. Dalmont, 1845.

Goethals, George W. “The Panama Canal.” National Geographic Magazine, February 1911.

Goldmark, Henry. “Lock Gates, Chain Fenders and Lock Entrance Caisson.” Transactions of the International Engineering Congress, 1915, Vol. 1, pt. 2, Design and Erection of Structures. San Francisco: Neal Publishing Company, 1916.

Gorgas, Marie D. (Marie Doughty), and Burton J. (Burton Jesse) Hendrick. William Crawford Gorgas : His Life and Work. Garden City, N.Y: Garden City Pub. Co., 1924.

Green, Julie. The Canal Builders. New York: Penguin Press, 2009.

Hammond, Rolt and C. J. Lewin. The Panama Canal. London: Frederick Muller, 1966.

Hoffman, Jon T, Michael J. Brodhead, Carol R. Byerly, and Glenn F. Williams. The Panama Canal: An Army’s Enterprise. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 2009.

Humboldt, Alexander von, and E. C. (Elise C.) Otté. Cosmos : Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. New York: Harper, 1859.

Humboldt, Alexander von, and John Black. Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain. Second [English] edition. London, 1814.

Interoceanic Canal Congress. Compte rendu des séances. Paris, 1879.

Ives, J. C., and J. S. (John Strong) Newberry. Report upon the Colorado River of the West. Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1861.

Johnson, Willis Fletcher. Four Centuries of the Panama Canal. New York: H. Holt and Company, 1906.

Jordan, William J. Panama Odyssey. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1984.

Kirsch, Scott. Proving Grounds: Project Plowshare and the Unrealized Dream of Nuclear Earthmoving. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2005.

Le Prince, Joseph A. Mosquito Control in Panama; The Eradication of Malaria and Yellow Fever in Cuba and Panama. New York: Putman, 1916.

Loizillon, Gabriel J. The Bunau-Varilla Brothers and the Panama Canal. 2nd ed. N.p.: Lulu, 2013.

MacDonald, Donald F. See U.S. Department of the Interior.

Nichols, A.B., and Tirzah Lamson Nichols. Panama Canal Collection. Linda Hall Library, Kansas City, MO. 1846-1923 (Bulk 1906-1914).

Maurer, Noel & Carlos Yu. The Big Ditch. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011.

McCullough, David G. The Path Between the Seas: the Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870-1914. New York: Simon and Shuster, 1977.

MacDonald, Donald F. “Slides in the Culebra Cut at Panama.” Engineering Record (August 31, 1912): 228-233.

Parker, Matthew. Panama Fever: the Epic Story of One of the Greatest Human Achievements of All Time – the Building of the Panama Canal. New York: Doubleday, 2007.

Pepperman, W. Leon. Who Built the Panama Canal? New York: E.P. Dutton, 1915.

Ptolemy, Sebastian Münster, and Willibald Pirckheimer. Geographia vniversalis. Basileae: Apud Henricum Petrum ..., 1540. 

Schott, Joseph L. Rails Across Panama: The Story of the Building of the Panama Railroad, 1849-1855. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967.

Tomes, Robert. Panama in 1855. An Account of the Panama Rail-Road, of the Cities of Panama and Aspinwall. New York: Harper & brothers, 1855.

U.S. Department of Interior. Bureau of Mines. Some Engineering Problems of the Panama Canal in Their Relation to Geology and Topology, Bulletin no. 86, by Donald Francis MacDonald. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1915.

U.S. Isthmian Canal Commission. Annual Report. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1904 – 1914.

U.S. Isthmian Canal Commission. Canal Record. Ancon, Canal Zone: Isthmian Canal Commission, 1907-1916

U.S. Isthmian Canal Commission. Laboratory of the Board of Health, Department of Sanitation. Studies in Relation to Malaria, by Samuel T. Darling. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1910.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interoceanic Canals. Hearings, H.R. 3110, First Session Fifty-seventh Congress in Three Parts. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1902.

U. S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interoceanic Canals Hearings, Investigation of Matters Relating to the Panama Canal, Etc. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1907.

Wyse, Lucien N. B. Le canal de Panama. Paris: Hachette et, 1886.

Webster, William Henry Bayley. Narrative of a Voyage to the Southern Atlantic Ocean. London, 1834. 

Williams, William Plumb. “Plant and Material of the Panama Canal.” Read July 2d, 1888. In American Society of Civil Engineers. Transactions. Vol. 19. New York: ASCE, 1888.